||Piazza Venezia takes its name from the Palazzo Venezia which the Venetian
Paul II had built in 1455 while he was still a cardinal. It was the first great Renaissance palace
of Rome. The Victor Emmanuel II Monument, also called "Il Vittoriano", was designed by Giuseppe
Sacconi. It rises at the feet of the Capitol. The sculptor Chiaradia worked for twenty years
on the equestrian statue of the king, which was completed by Gallori. The elaborate bas-reliefs
at the base which represent the most illustrious Italian cities were designed by Maccagnani.
The bulding's two colossal wings are surmounted by winged victories, whose dark bronze which contrasts the bright marble and are clearly visible against the panorama of Rome, were made by Carlo Fontana and
Paolo Bartolini in 1908. In the centre is the Altar of the Fatherland crowned by the statue
of Rome at whose feet, since 1921, lies the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.